Modern requirements to mobile data processing apps designed for work with personal and financial data include secure data transfer over the Internet. SSL pinning is a mechanism used to satisfy this requirement: it enables the user to identify a server based on an SSL certificate stamp embedded into the app. This makes Man-In-the-Middle attacks almost impossible and prevents the interception of the data traffic between a client and a server.
A few years ago, I managed to take over subdomains on Microsoft websites and got access to the mail and files of Outlook and OneDrive users, as well as user profile data on Xbox.com. Today, I am going to share with the hacking community the details of that attack and explain how it can be performed now, in 2020.
Today, I will show how to conquer the stratosphere – i.e. gain root access on the Stratosphere VM available on Hack The Box CTF grounds. To capture the root flag, I will have to overcome the Apache Struts framework to get an RCE vulnerability in a web app, put to practice the rarely used (but still very useful) Forward Shell remote session concept, highjack a library, and find a way to exploit the
eval() function in a treacherous Python script.
The buffer overflow vulnerability is an extremely popular topic on hackers’ forums. In this article, I will provide a universal and practically-oriented ‘introduction’ for enthusiasts studying the basics of low-level exploitation. Using stack overflow as an example, I will address a broad range of topics: from security mechanisms currently used by the GCC compiler to specific features of binary stack overflow exploits.
In this article, I will show how Python scripts can be used to transmit messages between two computers connected to the web. You may need to perform such an operation while developing an app, pentesting a corporate network, or participating in a CTF challenge. After penetrating into the target machine, you need a mechanism enabling you to give commands to it. This is where a reverse shell comes into play. Let’s write it together.